An uneven skin tone, called hyperpigmentation, is irregular darkening of the skin. The cause: overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin and hair color. But what exactly is hyperpigmentation, and how does it affect skin? Let’s dive deeper.
The number one cause of hyperpigmentation is exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. And this doesn’t just apply to simple, daily exposure to UV rays alone; chemical fragrances may react with sunlight, medications may cause sun sensitivity, and dark patches may appear after invasive or strong peels where the skin has become sensitized. You may also notice hyperpigmentation during pregnancy (and post-pregnancy) in the form of Melasma (AKA Chlosma), which appears on the face, often in a butterfly formation. During times of stress skin can also hyperpigment, especially on the neck and around the temples, due to hormonal surges. Trauma to the skin (i.e. a graze on the knee, a squeeze of a spot, eczema or sinus congestion) can lead to pigmentation formation as well
You don’t have to spend a fortune on laser treatments and prescriptions. Here are ways to safely and non-invasively brighten skin for a more even skin tone:
1. Critical To A Healthy Glow Is A Smooth Skin - Enter Exfoliation!
Exfoliate. Treat existing hyperpigmentation by first sloughing off dead, dulling skin cells at the surface. Exfoliation not only smoothes skin but it also helps even out tone by speeding up the cell turnover rate, therefore assisting the removal of pigmentation patches. This clears the path for the ingredients in your serums and moisturizers to better penetrate the skin. Tip: Look for Dermalogica Daily Superfoliant for treatment deep down, stubborn, pigmented patches.
2. Shedding Light On Skin Brightening Products
Products that focus on skin brightening contain ingredients that act as melanin suppressants (the pigment that colors skin), such as the Phytic Acid found in rice. Newer ingredients, such as Zinc Glycinate, have been shown to reduce pigmentation as well as suppress the melanocyte growth factors that stimulate melanin synthesis. Many botanical extracts also inhibit melanin production, including Kiwi Fruit, Mulberry, Licorice and Giant Fennel. Apply Dermalogica C-12 Pure Bright Serum after cleansing and before moisturising to help address the pigmentation inbalance.
3. Protect and Hydrate
Once you have treated that stubborn pigmentation, now is the time to ensure that you guard against future attacks.Unprotected sun exposure is the number one culprit behind hyperpigmentation. Use Dermalogica Pure Light with spf 50 daily to ensure protection against the worst offender – UV rays! This moisturiser is packed full of hydrating ingredients so that your skin reflects light and glows.
In the evening nourish and restore skin luminosity and maximise results with Dermalogica Pure Night moisturiser containing an active blend of Oligopeptide brightening Vitamin C to help control melanin formation and hyperpigmentation while you sleep.
Dermalogica Charcoal Rescue masque is an all-in-one treatment masque detoxifies, brightens and invigorates normal to oily skin. Activated Binchotan Charcoal powerfully adsorbs impurities while Sulfur promotes cell turnover for dramatically brighter skin. Volcanic Ash, Sea Silt, Bamboo Extract and alpha hydroxy acids further accelerate skin brightening with dual-action exfoliation. After cleansing, apply generously to face and throat, avoiding the eye area. You may experience slight tingling. After 3 to 5 minutes, lightly massage with very wet hands to enhance exfoliation properties during removal. Rinse thoroughly.
Be patient. There's no quick fix for an uneven skin tone. Traditionally it takes at least 30 days of vigilant skin care treatment before you see any progress. Successful, 75 percent skin brightening can take up to four months, so don't give up!
The futures looking bright!